By Brandon Pierce
Animal health services for livestock owners in several parts of sub-Saharan Africa are limited because of poor infrastructure and high delivery costs. To address this deficiency, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has supported the training and use of Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs) in these regions. CAHWs are community members who have been trained in basic animal health care. The FAO is taking steps to standardize how CAHWs are trained and to connect them with reliable sources of needed drugs and materials.
Community Animal Health Workers help livestock owners provide basic healthcare for their animals. (Photo Credit: iyufera.com)
In Ethiopia, government supply systems often run out of the drugs livestock owners need for animal healthcare, which makes it difficult for CAHWs to effectively care for livestock. To meet the high demand for drugs, the FAO has worked to establish private pharmacies in Ethiopia and establish partnerships with CAHWs. So far, these efforts have been successful: over 30 pharmacies have been established, and these pharmacies have been linked to 600 CAHWs. To further improve CAHW programs, the Ethiopian government has developed minimum requirements and standards—such as the availability of training manuals for workers.
Kenya has also benefitted from the FAO’s CAHW program. During the 1990s, many Kenyan livestock owners were unable to afford the cost of treatment for their animals. Today, various CAHW programs—including the Community Livelihood Empowerment Project—have improved the availability of animal healthcare, reduced the cost of treatment, and ultimately improved livestock owners’ livelihoods.
According to the FAO, CAHW programs will continue to grow as long as governments continue to support access to the drugs livestock owners rely on to treat their animals. According to Gedlu Mekonnen, an FAO project officer, “CAHWs will continue to be frontline primary animal health providers,” and will continue to make a substantial impact on the lives of poor livestock owners.
How do government programs or policies impact livestock in your state or community? Let us know in the comments below!
Brandon Pierce is a former research intern with the Worldwatch Institute’s food and agriculture program.